Are you curious about technology in criminal investigations? When we talk of technology nowadays, one of the first things that come to our minds is artificial intelligence. AI-based solutions have literally seeped into every nook and corner of our daily lives.
For instance, just a few years ago, who could have thought that the use of modern technology in a criminal investigation would be dominated by different disciplines of AI, such as machine learning, computer vision, audio analysis, and so forth.
How is Criminal Investigation Becoming More Manageable with AI?
One of the biggest challenges for law enforcement agencies today is the large amount of data included in any investigation. It leads to an increasing number of unresolved cases and a slowdown in investigative work.
Investigators need to have the ability to analyze these digital assets to find relevant information about each case and possible evidence that could be brought to the court of law.
To manage data overload, we see a significant increase in the number of law enforcement bodies resorting to AI solutions. They expect them to automatically and efficiently analyze and interpret videos, sensors, and even biometric data, which are allowed in court.
These solutions use artificial intelligence to make connections between data points that are otherwise overlooked by human investigators or just take too long to detect.
This proves to be a fundamental difference in the matters of urgency, such as abduction, when the victim needs to be found and brought to safety as soon as possible.
Another advantage of such analysis based on artificial intelligence is that it helps to minimize the time that researchers spend running through tons of data.
AI Search can be customized to automatically isolate images from photo and video sources linked to specific crimes. Weapons, human trafficking, and child abuse can be identified without exposing investigators to graphic footage. All such analysis may be performed legally and in accordance with the requisites of the court of law.
Real-life AI and ML Applications Helping in Criminal Investigation
Agencies are drowning in data and accumulating terabytes every day. The primary application of AI and ML is data management, in particular, to enable the search, filtering, and retrieval of large amounts of data.
Here are just a few of the current real-life AI and ML applications helping criminal investigation in countless ways.
Efficient Image and Video Analysis
Image and video analysis is a daunting task for law enforcement. Many agencies say they spend up to two hours editing a five-minute video for public release or dedicate time individually reviewing CCTV footage in hopes of finding suspects, missing persons, or evidence. These hours can add up quickly.
AI and ML technologies allow agents to filter their queries and search for specific attributes, for example, a man in a redshirt. So the system only looks for the man in the red shirt.
Once the perpetrator has been identified, the police officer can edit or delete any information that is not involved or is irrelevant, leaving only the man in the red shirt on the screen.
Devising such efficient and accurate systems is a highly specialized job, and RevolveAI boasts years of experience in conceiving and executing such intricacies to perfection.
Augmented Audio Analysis and Transcription
Police radio communication remains a piece of critical evidence in many criminal cases. But the hours of sorting through the audio libraries for tiny bits of information can become quite frustrating. So, many agencies have abandoned the practice.
Fortunately, AI and ML technology can help filter out important things by scanning certain information in the data, such as when a police officer shouts, “He has a weapon,” or when a suspect yells in the background, “I am gonna hurt you. “
The bonus for audio analysis is real-time audio transcription. Instead of listening to the audio, the system can print the entire audio transcription of the recording for use in an official report or as evidence.
Optimized, Real-time Search
Advances in audio recognition allow AI systems to quickly find the information a police officer needs in real-time. The officer may ask the AI system to enter, for example, the person’s name and date of birth. The system can respond directly to a police officer with information on driver’s licenses, convictions, recent arrests, recent implications, recent warnings, or any other critical information.
One of the fastest-growing applications for AI and ML is in the field of gunshot detection equipment. Researchers and data science companies are developing advanced algorithms to record the exact location of gunshots, the number of rounds fired, etc.
Thanks to AI technology, these systems can also distinguish between muzzle blasts and shock waves and also determine the type of weapon (rifle, shotgun, pistol) used in the shooting.
Many agencies use artificial intelligence to fight crime. These systems can search for a wealth of information and provide accurate crime predictions using predictive analytics. Agencies can then use this information to allocate police resources accordingly.
AI and ML technologies are currently also involved in DNA analysis. As DNA technology evolves, so does the sensitivity of DNA analysis. Forensic pathologists can now detect and treat substandard, degraded, or otherwise unsustainable DNA as evidence that could not have been used a few years ago.
Technology in Criminal Investigations Conclusion
Internet companies such as PayPal use artificial intelligence to detect fraud, and the U.S. Department of Transportation also resorts to it for tracking real-time accidents, weather forecasts, traffic patterns, etc.
Artificial intelligence remains here and plays an increasingly important role in our personal lives and in the criminal justice system. We cannot ignore the potential it offers to improve the law enforcement and justice system.
We hope you found this article on technology in criminal investigations interesting.